The Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act is federal civil rights law originally passed by Congress in 1990 as the Americans with Disabilities Act or ADA. It protects individuals with disabilities from discrimination in the workplace, at school, and in other settings. The ADA was amended in 2008 and became effective Jan. 1, 2009.
A person is disabled if he or she:
- Has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more activities;
- Has a record of such an impairment;
- Is regarded as having such an impairment.
The law requires that employers provide "reasonable accommodation" to otherwise qualified disabled workers so that they are able to perform the essential functions of their jobs.